SPIA Special Initiative Member Rachid Laajaj provides a brief summary of what a Theory of Change is and how it can be applied for accountability and learning in the context of a development intervention based on a CGIAR innovation.

For more information of index-based livestock insurance (IBLI), please refer to the following presentation by Nathaniel Jensen (from ICAE 2021): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ONazslcNZt0

More information on the history of IBLI's impact-oriented research program and the lessons learned about working at the research-development interface can be found in the study below: Banerjee, Rupsha, et al. "Emerging research practice for impact in the CGIAR: The case of Index-Based Livestock Insurance (IBLI)." Outlook on Agriculture 48.3 (2019): 255-267. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0030727019866840